a tribute to Abarth

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 From:  Mauro (M-DYNAMICS)
5601.1 
lot of stuff here,let's jump back to my favourite years:the '70


I've decided to do my first car and,being Italian, i got a wide choice of models
avoid Ferrari...it belongs to our culture but also belongs just to few rich persons
(..surely you'll find more Ferrari at Beverly Hills or Montecarlo than all Italy..)
I choose most popular and democratic Italian car of last 40 years,a car that i driven a lot when i did practice for drive-license

FIAT 500



little and cheap(500 means 500.000 lire=its cost in old Italian value) it gave opportunity to all to get a car at the end of 50's.
I remember also when i was teen ,in 70's ,we often used a word to say -cool-:that word was ABARTH !




Abarth started to sell customized mufflers to give some more power to the engines





then he did some tuning-kits for most popular cars of that time
So,you could buy the kit to customize your car instead of buy a brand new one,
but i remember you could be cool just applying a simple sticker with the skorpio on your car,your motobike or your bicycle..to be cool !



it's also a classic "benchmark" for 3D modelers,just visit Italian 3D forums you'll find a lot of versions
Modeling this in 3D is totally SUB-D stuff,and also very difficult to find models done well
so i did a search if someone did -500- in Rhino:






I left previous Rhino's version guideline and decided to split front part from the rest of the car


original blueprints




i'modeled a box reference using dimensions of the original then matched images to the box to get the model in 1:1 scale
then used new -MOI's unit converter- for you Americans so you can understand how ""little" is this car





start modeling front bonnet with three curves for network then moving points to get central relief



side surfaces made using sweep tool: 3 sections and two rails
lower one has a central curve like scale path(scale rail) for better control of the surface









now front part:i started to make a circle where is positioned the hole for the lights
made a plane surface and deleted the circle then draw two lines from quadrant to perpendicular point on the next surface(the side one and the bonnet)
i trunked the edge of circular surface and did a blend using G2 continuity






now start the worst part:moving points and making little patches i started to see my front surface




i have spent one month of my sparetime to do this and often i have thought to surrender until Michael gave us new ISO tool
it allowed me to extract curves from a surface,in my case not smooth but wavy and glitched,rebuilt its points and then refine all
and also build the same surface switching from network to sweep to loft or build a whole surface using ISO curves rebuilt and arranged from previous little patches
final result was a complete loft using half curves mirrored



you see i've extended end points on the side surface using-snap on surface- to improve continuity between them (red arrows)




i extruded a cylinder than cutted the surface(magenta) to get perfect circular site for front lights then arranged again
lower part obtained from sweep:
yellow=sections
red=rails + central scale-rail
green surfaces are G2 blend between them
i got a good continuity between front and sides surfaces...it's not enough but this is my decision..what i said before?..70%..
I prefer my approach than previous Rhino-user guideline:first is easier but light area is too approximate
my guideline give better light-area but don't give full continuity because they are two separate surfaces
in fact,later you'll see that front part is too "squared"comparing with the rest of the body.
So...i'll follow this way:model lot of details and textures trying to "hide",from point of wiew of the observer, parts where the shape of the car is not correct
or better:let the observer to catch details,not wrong parts !
This is the core of the model:front part is not feasible in nurbs... just using T-Splines in Rhino,but it's no more Nurbs modeling:it's hybrid !
If any of you know a guideline or an image of -500-done in Rhino,please post here.



again sweep and network to complete the body









Now modeling details:i have to choose if do inner part of the car or not but this is an Abarth:
three main things that featuring-595 ABARTH- are:(the coolests)
1)rear bonnet opened 90° to show engine with the triangle-pipe frame to support it
2)black rubber hooks to lock bonnets
3)molded-alloy oil sump(pan) visible from rear with letters -ABARTH- in red
so:leave inner part and do the rest,engine included.It seems that now start difficult part of modeling but it's the opposite
It's a full pleasure do this with MO-AI:easy,intuitive,practice,quick..what else..just think i never use the grid,orient-tool,c-plane.etc..
i did "on the fly" almost all in 3D view directely...this also because Moi has a strong snap system and,of course,all tools

door handle



top-capote






wrapped capote (network)




rear bonnet
rubber-hook(bended with flow line-to-line)




wipe group flowed directely(projective mode) on the winshield than just little adjustements




engine
i did essential parts especially carburetor area(not too much details obviously to mantain as much as possible low weight file )
head and oil sump have extra (ultra) fillets done in 123D for replicating alloy-molded shape(this picture show just basic one)





original iron-welded Abarth rims





in the meanwhile,during model the rim,i also remember another- '70 classic design-:Cromodora rims for Abarth






i couldn't resist..my mechanic got an old Maserati with CD-5 mounted..it also was one of the first in Magnesium alloy
note:this time all edges are filleted in Moi !!




CD-30 was used especially on FIAT 124 ABARTH and FIAT X 1-9




my simplified version



and a render with Arion



logos also featuring Abarth
below,at the end my post, i attached all i did for sponsor textures and solids,included 3 abarth versions and AGIP- six legs -dog
you can download and use them if need

made with Fryrender






made with Arion






engine with Fryrender



---------------------------------

Now the car is ready for the race and belongs to our team:TRIPLE SQUID software design RACING TEAM
crew:
pilot (pilota):M. Gibson
co-pilot (navigatore):B.Manator (..who else...)



a close up show their flags:Stars 'n Stripes for pilot and King Kamehameha's flag for co-pilot




here they are performing "the classic of the classics"step of Rally Montecarlo:Le col de Turini









forgive me if it's too long but..Abarth deserve all this effort !

happy new year : M

EDITED: 8 Apr by M-DYNAMICS

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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.2 
Fabulous! Bravo!

Can I translate your post + tut in French the next week ?

EDITED: 15 Dec 2012 by PILOU

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 From:  Mauro (M-DYNAMICS)
5601.3 In reply to 5601.2 
Yes :)

forgive me! i forgot to attach logos as i promised (too long thread..Moi forum needs old embed codes..Vimeo says that they will be no longer available...what a fuzz..)

EDITED: 25 Mar by M-DYNAMICS

Attachments:

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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.4 In reply to 5601.3 

EDITED: 15 Dec 2012 by PILOU

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 From:  Michael Gibson
5601.5 In reply to 5601.3 
Hi Mauro, this is such a great project, thanks very much for gathering all the information on how you did it together and posting it!

> (too long thread..Moi forum needs old embed codes..Vimeo says that
> they will be no longer available...what a fuzz..)

What is their new method, is it the new HTML5 <video> tag, or is it something else?

I can modify the forum to support <video> tags, if that's the problem.

- Michael
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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.6 In reply to 5601.5 
I can see the Fiat Video Vimeo on my old computer on the forum !

EDITED: 15 Dec 2012 by PILOU

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 From:  Mike K4ICY (MAJIKMIKE)
5601.7 
Mauro, I'm in sheer awe! What a magnificent tutorial, and you get into historical context and example of alternate modeling methods as well!

Much respect to you!
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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.8 
Done! :)
That was a real pleasure and very funny!

http://moiscript.weebly.com/fiat-abarth.html

Ps I have made some publicity on it on the French 3D World :)

All love and are fan of your little car! ;)

EDITED: 16 Dec 2012 by PILOU

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Message 5601.9 deleted 25 Mar by M-DYNAMICS

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 From:  Mauro (M-DYNAMICS)
5601.10 
There are also few Abarth prototypes made at the end of 50's
One of them built on tuned -500-engine with an aerodynamic body designed by Pininfarina





This time easy to do with MO-AI
basically a loft with flat profiles drawn on side wiew than projected








then rendered




TECH SPECS:
Engine capacity:479,5 cc
Number of cylinders:2
Power:36 CV at 6800 rpm
Cooling system:forced air cooling
Max speed:over 180 Kmh
lenght:4130mm
width:1410
height:1200

General mechanic tests started on February 13 at overbuilded ring of Monza's racing track
car was driven by six pilots (3 hours each)
after four days of no-stop drive at incredible average speed of 109 Kmh they got first records
the race finished on February 20

Total distance covered:18.186,44 Km
Total time test:168 hours
Total average speed:108,252 Kmh

One year later they achieved last records

Average speed on 1000 Miles:159,667 Kmh
Average speed on 500 Miles:165,740 Kmh

--------------------------------

EDITED: 25 Mar by M-DYNAMICS

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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.11 In reply to 5601.10 
Very cool result!
---
Pilou
Is beautiful that please without concept!
My Gallery
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 From:  Mauro (M-DYNAMICS)
5601.12 In reply to 5601.11 
Mercì messieu...
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 From:  ed (EDDYF)
5601.13 
M-DYNAMICS -

That's an amazing result and lofting sure is easier than building individual panels.

I wonder if your loft technique would work for a typical modern car design, or if it would only work for a streamline shape like the Abarth?

If you can get the basic car shape with a loft, then scoops and ridges can be added as demonstrated by Majik Mike and others.

Ed
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 From:  Mike K4ICY (MAJIKMIKE)
5601.14 
M,

Very elegant use of Loft!
I'm impressed by the fluid simplicity of your model. Your ABARTH came out nice!
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Message 5601.15 deleted 25 Mar by M-DYNAMICS

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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.16 
Update :)
http://moiscript.weebly.com/fiat-abarth.html

What was the year of the race of the Yellow 500 ?

EDITED: 7 Jan 2013 by PILOU

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 From:  Mauro (M-DYNAMICS)
5601.17 In reply to 5601.16 
Pilou:it was 1958

here another example you can add,maybe is more clear



screenshot of set-up scene in C4D



final image"old brochure style"
rendered with Fryrender and "aged" with PSE




here top view of Monza's racing track



DARK BLUE:actual track of Grand Prix F1
GREY:overbuilded high-speed ring(maybe will be restored). A piece of history of cars race

EDITED: 25 Mar by M-DYNAMICS

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 From:  Frenchy Pilou (PILOU)
5601.18 In reply to 5601.17 
---
Pilou
Is beautiful that please without concept!
My Gallery
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