Import Point Script Error
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.27 In reply to 4381.26 
Changing the mesh angle option to .1 seems to fix this issue. This is a dumb one, I read the help before asking. But I'm on a laptop, I have no middle mouse button. So in the 3d view I can't pan. Is there a way to pan in 3d in this situation?
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.28 
So I made it as far in MoI as I did in Rhino. Next is trying to blend the blade into the hub, which I can't do in Rhino. I tried a few things in MoI but not having luck. In rhino I can trim the blade with the hub and then do a polar array to at least get a basic idea of what the propeller looks like, but I can't have the hub blend in with the blades. In MoI when I try to trim the blade with the hub it doesn't trim it at the surface of the hub. Not sure how to blend it. Especially if there is no true intersection at the hub.

Right now the MoI model is scaled up 1,000,000 times its true size with default settings, so that the trailing edge radius comes out right. A polar array about zero using 8 blades would give the finally propeller.
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 From:  coi (MARCO)
4381.29 In reply to 4381.27 
hi there

..regarding PAN in 3D-window:



best wishes,
marco
Attachments:

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 From:  Unknown user
4381.30 In reply to 4381.29 
Hi Marco,

I press that button but still can't pan. I only have a right and left trackpad button since its a laptop. Holding down the right button rotates even if I press the pan button.
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.31 In reply to 4381.30 
Oh duh I just figured it out. If you hold them down and move it works.
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.32 
When you draw a curve at the intersection of the blade and hub the curve is not at the intersection. Same goes for the trim. The orange and green surfaces are the result of trimming the blade with hub (shown in blue). Before trimming I also tried having a curve at the intersection of the blade and hub and it comes out exactly where the trim does. My main goal is to smoothly blend the blade into the hub. The exact geometry and dimensions aren't too important so long as it looks right. Then trim the remaining blade and do a polar array of that geometry to make the whole propeller.

Edit; Attachments have been removed to save server space.
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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.33 In reply to 4381.24 
Hi prop_design - re: Pan - yeah clicking and then dragging on that button at the bottom of the viewport will do it, or another alternative is to hold down Shift while you drag the right mouse button inside the viewport, that will also do the same as the middle button pan.

- Michael
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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.34 In reply to 4381.24 
Hi Anthony,

> I don't know why my circle would not trim. Both points should
> have been on the circle.

Can you please post the 3DM file with the circle in it so I can take a look at it?

That's the only way that I will be able to tell you for sure what is going on with the circle trimming for your particular case.

- Michael
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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.35 In reply to 4381.27 
Hi Anthony,

> spoke too soon. when i tried the method burrman used
> i found the surfaces at the tip near the trailing edge were
> malformed.

It looks like most likely your actual surface are ok there - that's just a display artifact.

In order to make the display MoI has to convert your surfaces into triangles, because your video card only knows how to display triangles. If some areas do not get enough triangles created for them it can end up looking like what you show there.

Really the best thing to do for a situation like that is to just ignore that display glitch.


> Changing the mesh angle option to .1 seems to fix this issue.

That's ok for just checking it out, but I strongly do not recommend leaving it set at such a tight angle, because a tight setting there will cause a display mesh of enormous density to be created in other areas of the model. That will tend to cause an excessive amount of memory consumption once you construct a model that has more pieces in it.

So once you are satisfied that it was just a display glitch, you should change the mesh angle setting back to the default 10 degrees for regular use.

- Michael
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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.36 In reply to 4381.28 
Hi Anthony,

> Right now the MoI model is scaled up 1,000,000 times its true
> size with default settings, so that the trailing edge radius comes
> out right.

This is kind of a sign that your project is just not going to work very well - why is it that you need to create such an extremely small detail in your object?

If you are modeling the object for rendering, that is so extremely small that you won't be able to see it.

If you are modeling for manufacturing, that is so extremely small that there isn't any manufacturing process that will be able to generate such a high level of detail.

Why is it that you're trying to create a model that has such an incredibly tiny little arc as part of it?

You would really be much better off not having things like that extremely tiny arc in there in the first place - just have the sides come to a sharp point instead of putting such a tiny arc at the top and your entire project will probably be much easier to handle.

If you do need to create a model with such a huge variation in scale within the same profile, you probably will need to use some kind of specialized CAD program to do it and not MoI - from MoI's perspective that is a kind of strange and not well suited shape to try and build in MoI.

- Michael
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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.37 In reply to 4381.28 
Hi Anthony, I loaded your MOI_EXAMPLE.zip attachment from above.

So now you have the opposite problem - your model is now too extremely huge numerically and that will cause other kinds of problems.

When I select your objects, I can see that the bounding box around them is of this size:



A bounding box width of 4330590 units is extremely huge - that's so far out of scale from the regular fitting tolerance of 0.001 units that it will cause an enormous amount of detail in various calculations, like very heavy control point counts and probably hitting recursion limits in various algorithms.

You should generally target an object size of something like less than 5000 units in overall size with individual features no smaller than 0.05 units, or something similar to that.

If you have features of an extremely small micro size approaching or lower than 0.001 units that will cause a variety of problems, and if you have objects of an exceedingly gargantuan numerical size like more than 6 orders of magnitude above 0.001 units, that will also cause a variety of other kinds of problems.

If you have a project that is unable to work within those limits, you will probably need to use some kind of specialized CAD software to do it and not MoI.

If you want to complete your current project in MoI, my best recommendation is to scale your model to have an overall size of about 10 units across and eliminate the little teeny tiny micro arcs that you have in your profile shapes and instead make your profiles just come to a sharp corner instead of a micro arc curved tip. If you do that you should likely be able to finish your model without issue.

You will be spinning your wheels and running into no end of problems if you try to use either a huge scale or micro sized features as you've been doing so far.

- Michael

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 From:  Unknown user
4381.38 In reply to 4381.37 
thanks for the help. ill have to stick with rhino.
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 From:  BurrMan
4381.39 In reply to 4381.38 
Here's the model back with a fillet at the join, in case anyone else was following.. I scaled the model down by 100 times, twice, then put a .005 m fillet on the join, then scaled it back up to ludicrous! I also put a blend at the tip for grins. (Though I ended up with that last little non-continuous patch, for obvious reasons).

The OP should really just use a point as the edge up there. If a machine cut the edge sharp, I could probably apply the radius by licking it!!

EDITED: 27 Aug 2011 by BURRMAN

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 From:  BurrMan
4381.40 In reply to 4381.39 
Here it is with a 5 meter G1 fillet on it:

EDITED: 19 Jun 2012 by BURRMAN

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 From:  BurrMan
4381.41 In reply to 4381.40 
Here you can review some airfoil information:

http://www.ae.illinois.edu/m-selig/ads.html

Note in the format section, he descibes this:

""""""""""Some of the airfoils listed do not close at the trailing edge, i.e. the trailing edge has a finite thickness as designed""""""""

Looking at airfoil generators, you will find the option for the open end on the trailing edge...

I think the tiny number is a calculated exacting figure for the trailing adge, but not really used in anything... Like Michael had pointed out, "What will you do with THAT"...
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.42 In reply to 4381.40 
Thanks burrman,

I think that would make the final scale that you worked in with you applied the .005m radius 10,000:1. The reason I had the crazy 1,000,000:1 scale was to get the trailing edge radius to display right. I may start from scratch and see how it goes again. How did you actually do the radius and the G1 blend. I didn't understand how that worked because the intersection line wasn't coming out at the actual intersection.
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.43 In reply to 4381.41 
The radius is just something specified in the definition of the NACA 65A009, it's not like I personally have something to do with it. The radius will get larger with a larger chord blade. However, the chord has to be a certain dimension for performance reasons. In real life you could have a straight line there I suppose. But the purpose of this model would be for FEA to do a fatigue analysis at the trailing edge radius. So that little point at the base of the hub is an important area for analysis. The idea is to try and model it as it actually would be. Small radius are nothing new to aerospace. It can easily be done with a CNC machine. I don't know what dimensions are in there right now as its been scaled around a lot. But the point files are the real dimensions in meters. Whatever that radius comes out to be, is what is needed. Does that make it any clearer?
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 From:  Unknown user
4381.44 In reply to 4381.43 
If you import the points and model in meters that is the real dimensions. The problem is, from what I am gathering here is that the tolerances and mesh settings aren't exposed like in rhino. So burrman's recommendation of scaling up is what I was trying to do. It sounds like you have to go up to about 10,000:1 in order for MoI to capture it. I will try it out again. The only thing is I don't know how you got to do the base fillet. But since I see it can be done, I will pound on it until I either give up or get it right.
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 From:  BurrMan
4381.45 In reply to 4381.42 
Hi Prop,
In the file with the .005 fillat, I just worked it and did the trimming... Remember Michael describing the viewport being meshed by your video card, and turning everything into triangles instead of curves.. That part would mean at some type of zoom level, you wont be seeing whats really there.. "Maybe that instersection was actually right!!""

But this is just only going to get worse, as Michael had described.

The G1 fillet was easy. I just removed the little radius on the trailing edge and then ran the fillet tool..

Please note that everywhere you look, it will be "removed" for actual work.. It's just there as part of a proper mathematical representation... But like mentioned here in a wiki for airfoils, you'll note that they mention changing some numbers to use 0 as the little radius, when when you need to do computational work with the airfoil:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NACA_airfoil

Equation for a symmetrical 4-digit NACA airfoil

The formula for the shape of a NACA 00xx foil, with "xx" being replaced by the percentage of thickness to chord, is:



where:

c is the chord length,
x is the position along the chord from 0 to c,
y is the half thickness at a given value of x (centerline to surface), and
t is the maximum thickness as a fraction of the chord (so 100 t gives the last two digits in the NACA 4-digit denomination).

Note that in this equation, at (x/c) = 1 (the trailing edge of the airfoil), the thickness is not quite zero. If a zero-thickness trailing edge is required, for example for computational work, one of the coefficients should be modified such that they sum to zero. Modifying the last coefficient (i.e. to -0.1036) will result in the smallest change to the overall shape of the airfoil. The leading edge approximates a cylinder with a radius of:



Now the coordinates (xU,yU) of the upper airfoil surface, and (xL,yL) of the lower airfoil surface are:

EDITED: 19 Jun 2012 by BURRMAN

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 From:  Michael Gibson
4381.46 In reply to 4381.44 
Hi Anthony, it likely is possible to do it, but it's probably going to require some fairly difficult steps like maybe working part of the time at one scale and doing other operations at a different scale.

Just fundamentally the model that you're trying to build is not a particularly good fit for CAD technology in general - a mixture of extreme different scaled features within the same design will lead to many problems.

Once again, my best advice is to not try and create a model that has that kind of problematic structure in it - maybe put a line in there or make the end just come to a simple sharp point.

It is still not very clear to me why you think that little tiny radius is necessary - what kind of CNC are you expecting to build with that will be able to cut such tiny features?

- Michael
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